A well-conceived list of references characterizes the relevance and qualitative level of research conducted by the author. 

Correctly executed description of sources is a guarantee that the cited publication will be taken into account when evaluating the scientific activity of the author and, as a consequence, the organization. 

The recommended volume of the list of references for review articles - not less than 50 sources, for other articles - not less than 15. The share of sources less than 5 years old must be at least half. The permissible percentage of self-citation - no more than 10. Volume of references to foreign sources should be no less than 50%.


The references to scientific articles, monographs, collected volumes, proceedings of conferences, dissertations and their abstracts, regulatory documents, laws and decrees, archival documents, electronic resources with indication of the date of reference are recommended to be included in the references lists. Authors shouldn't refer to textbooks, manuals, other educational literature; Wikipedia articles. Authors can use the Mendeley system to form a list of literature.

The reference list should be made out according to the following sample (using the recommended template):


Author, F. (2016), Article title. Journal, 37(1), pp. 99–110.

Author, F., Author, S. (2016), Title of a proceedings paper.  In: Editor, F., Editor, S. (eds.) CONFERENCE 2016, LNCS, vol. 9999, Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 1–13.

Author, F., Author, S., Author, T. (1999), Book title. 2nd edn. Location: Publisher.

Author, F. (2010), Contribution title. In: 9th International Proceedings on Proceedings, pp. 1–2. Publisher, Location. LNCS Homepage, (accessed: 17.09.2020).

In the reference list Russian-language sources not translated into English are cited in transliteration and with an approximate translation into English in square brackets. Transliteration is done according to the Library of Congress system (ALA-LC). (Transliteration of the list of references is done automatically when the article is uploaded through the electronic editorial). At the end of the source description is indicated: (in Russian).

Authors who do not write in Russian fill all windows of the electronic edition only in English.

Cited literature is given at the end of the text of the article in the order of its mentioning. Numerical order of the source in the text of the article is given in square brackets: [7, p.245]. The quantity of references in the text of the article should correspond to the number of sources in the list of references.

It is unacceptable to refer to unpublished works.

A sample reference for an article in the journal:

Lipson, C. (1984), International Cooperation in Economic and Security Affairs. World Politics, 37(1), pp. 1-23.



Young, I.(1998), Justice and the Politics of Difference.New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Carr, E. (2001), The Twenty Years Crisis, 1919–1939: An Introduction to the Study of International Relations. London: Basingstoke Palgrave.

Electronic resource:

Abades, D. Diada. El Confidencial, 11 de septiembre de 2013.  Available at: (accessed: 17.09.2020).

Agreement on partnership and cooperation establishing a partnership between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Russian Federation, of the other part, 1994. Available at: (accessed: 17.09.2020).

Article from the collected volume:

Waltz, K. (1986), Reflections on Theory of International Politics. A Response to My Critics. In: Keohane, R. (ed.), Neorealism and Its Critics. New York: Columbia University Press.

Hughes, J. (2007), EU Relations with Russia: Partnership or Asymmetric Interdependency? In: European Foreign Policy in an Evolving International System. Palgrave Studies in European Union Politics. London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 76-94.


Jesús, F.N.(2017), Features of separatism in Spain at the end of the twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty-first century.  Cand. hist. and math. sci. diss. Voronezch: Univercity Press (in Russian).