Publication ethics

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND DIALOGUE OF CULTURES follows principles and procedures that promote ethical behavior by the Editor-in-Chief, Editorial Board members, Reviewers, and Authors in accordance with established requirements.

SPbPU Publishing office supports the Editorial Board, the Editorial Board of the journal in reviewing complaints about the ethical aspects of published materials and helps to interact with other journals and/or publishers, if this contributes to the fulfillment of the duties of the Publisher.

The journal INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND DIALOGUE OF CULTURES promotes good publishing practices for research results, improving ethical guidelines, procedures for withdrawing incorrect material and correcting errors, and providing appropriate specialized legal support (opinion letter or consultation) when needed.

Editors. Ethical Standards of Conduct 

The decision on publishing

The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for making the decision to publish material is based on the credibility of the work and its scientific significance. In doing so, he is guided by the Editorial Policy of the journal, taking into account the current legal requirements regarding libel, copyright, legality and plagiarism. The Editor-in-Chief may consult with the members of the Editorial Board and the Reviewers when deciding on publication.

Non-Discrimination and Confidentiality

In evaluating the intellectual content of submission by the Editor, any form of discriminatory approach is unacceptable and unacceptable.

The journal solely uses a double blind peer review policy.

The Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board do not disclose information about the accepted submission to any other person, except for the Authors, Reviewers, possible Reviewers, other Scientific Consultants and the Publisher.

Disclosure policies, non-abusing of office and conflicts of interests

Unpublished data obtained from submissions for review are not used in personal research without the written consent of the Author. Information or ideas obtained in the course of review and related to possible benefits are kept confidential and are not used for personal gain.

In case of conflicts of interest of different parties related to a submission, the Editor is obliged to refuse consideration of its publishing. In such a situation, cooperation with other members of the Editorial Board takes place to make a joint decision.

An editor who has provided convincing evidence that the statements or conclusions presented in the publication are erroneous or are likely to cause moral harm to a third party will inform the Publisher (and/or the appropriate Scientific society) so that prompt notice of changes, withdrawal of the publication, or other appropriate action may be conducted.

Collaboration with COPE

In the case of ethical claims concerning reviewed submissions or published materials in the journal, the Editor together with the Publisher take appropriate response measures in accordance with the Guidelines for Retracting Articles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Such measures include interaction with the Authors of the submission and argumentation of the corresponding complaint or claim, as well as interaction with relevant organizations and research centers in the framework of cooperation on research purity (COPE program and recommendations).

Reviewers. Ethical Standards of Conduct


The Editorial Board shares the view that scholars who wish to contribute to a publication do the substantial work of reviewing a submission. It is taken into account that such work is performed on a voluntary basis due to assignment of the article by the Editor-in-Chief, unless the Reviewer is a full-time employee. The Reviewer, who accepted the submission for reviewing, is obliged to observe the stipulated terms of reviewing.

If the Reviewer realizes that he or she is not qualified to review the manuscript or does not have enough time to complete the work in a timely manner, he or she should notify the Editor and ask to be removed from the reviewing process of the corresponding submission.

The reviewer should not participate in the review of the submission if there are conflicts of interest due to competitive, collaborative and other interactions and relationships with any of the Authors, companies or other organizations related to the submitted work.

Non-abusing of office and Confidentiality

The reviewer may not use unpublished data obtained from submitted articles for personal research without the written consent of the Author. Information or ideas obtained in the course of reviewing and related to possible benefits must be kept confidential and may not be used for personal gain.

Any submission received for review is treated as a confidential document. This work is not to be opened or discussed with anyone not authorized by the Editor-in-Chief.


The reviewer is obliged to give an objective assessment. Personal criticism of the Author is unacceptable. Reviewers should express their opinions clearly and reasonably.

Submission evaluation

Reviewers identify significant published works relevant to the topic and not included in the bibliography for the submission. Any statement, observation, conclusion or argument previously published should be accompanied by a corresponding bibliographic citation in the manuscript.

The Reviewer draws the attention of the Editor-in-Chief and the members of the Editorial Board to any significant similarity or overlap between the manuscript in question and any other previously published work within the Reviewer's scientific competence and expresses his or her opinion on the acceptability of the manuscript for publication in terms of ethical standards and rules.

Authors. Ethical Standards of Conduct Requirements for submissions and Warranties

Authors must provide reliable results of the work done on the original research and an objective discussion of its significance. The data underlying the work should be presented without error. The work should contain sufficient details and bibliographic references for possible reproduction. False or deliberately erroneous statements are perceived as unethical behavior and are unacceptable. This may be cause for rejection of the manuscript or refutation of the published article.

Reviews and scientific articles must also be accurate and objective

An author should not publish a manuscript dealing with the same research in more than one journal as an original publication. Submission of the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time is perceived as unethical behavior and unacceptable. An author should not submit a previously published article to another journal for consideration.

The authors guarantee that they are presenting a completely original work. If works or statements by other Authors are used, appropriate bibliographic references or excerpts must be provided.Additional data relevant to the manuscript may be requested from the Authors. Authors must be willing to provide open access to this kind of information (according to ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases) if feasible, and in any case must be willing to retain this data for the required period of time after publication.

Plagiarism in any form, from presenting someone else's work as one's own, to copying or paraphrasing essential parts of someone else's work (without attribution), to claiming our own rights to the results of someone else's research, is unethical and unacceptable.

The editorial board reserves the right not to respond to accusations of plagiarism if the accuser provides misleading personal information (e.g., appears under an assumed name) or acts in an unethical or threatening manner. The editors are not obliged to discuss cases of alleged plagiarism with persons not directly related to it.

The authors confirm that their publication does not violate any of the existing copyrights and guarantee the Publisher indemnification in case of such violations.

For ease of distribution and to enforce the policy of using the material, the Authors transfer to the Publisher the exclusive ownership of the manuscript, unless otherwise provided.

Permission to use the material

Before submitting an article to the Editorial Board for review, Authors must obtain permission to use any material created by others. Violation of this condition will lead to certain difficulties in publication due to the need for the Authors to prove their rights to the published material.

Authors provide or should be prepared to provide written permission to use such material at the request of the Editor or the Publisher.

The article may not be published without obtaining the following rights from the Authors to use the borrowed material:

  • The non-exclusive right to reproduce it in the article;
  • Rights to use printed and electronic versions of materials;
  • A perpetual right to use the material (which implies that there is no time limit on re-using the material, such as a one-year license).

Tables, figures, or text fragments (more than 400 words) from other sources may be reproduced if the Authors:

  • Obtained written permission to use in print and electronic form from all persons with rights to the text, illustrations, graphics, or other materials that the Authors used in their manuscript, as well as any minor adaptations of materials created by others;
  • Notified the copyright holder of the material If significant changes are made to material created by others and used in the manuscript;
  • Got written permission to use the material;
  • The source of the data was indicated in the description of the figures and duplicated in the list of references;
  • When using any material that is freely available on the Internet, first clarify the information about the copyright owner and obtain permission to borrow (reprint) it.

According to the editorial policy of the journal International Relations and Dialogue of Cultures, it is inadmissible:

  • Copying verbatim 10 percent or more of another person's work without attribution, reference to the source, or use of quotation marks;
  • Incorrect paraphrasing of another person's material, in which more than one sentence within one paragraph or section of text has been changed, or sentences have been arranged in a different order without proper reference to the source. Significant incorrect paraphrasing (more than 10 percent of the original work) without reference to the source is equated to verbatim copying;
  • Usage of elements of another person's work without attribution, such as a figure, table or paragraph without acknowledgment, reference to the source, or use of quotation marks. Authors must obtain permission from the copyright owner to use elements of their work;
  • Autocitation (Self-Citation). Authors must indicate that their work is being published for the first time. If elements of the manuscript have been previously published in another paper, the Authors are obliged to refer to the earlier work and indicate the essential difference between the new work and the previous one. They are also obliged to identify its relation to the research results and conclusions presented in the previous paper. Verbatim copying of their own work and paraphrasing them is unacceptable, they can be used only as a basis for new conclusions.

Important: In accordance with the international ethics of scientific publications, the journal recommends that Authors keep up with a degree of self-citation of no more than 10% (in the list of references).

Primary Sources, Authorship, and Conflicts of Interest

Authors must cite publications relevant to the execution of the submitted work. Data obtained privately (conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties) should not be used or presented without explicit written permission from the original source. Information from confidential sources should not be used without the explicit written permission of the Authors of the work relating to such sources. Only persons who have made significant contributions to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the submitted research may be the authors of the publication. All those who have made significant contributions should be designated as Contributing Authors. In cases where research participants have made significant contributions in a particular area of the research project, they should be identified as significant contributors to that research.

The author ensures that all participants who made significant contributions to the study are represented as Contributing authors and that those who did not participate in the study are not listed as Contributors, that all Contributing authors have seen and approved the final version of the work and have agreed to submit it for publication. Individuals who made non-significant contributions to the study are mentioned in the Acknowledgments section.

Authors are required to disclose in their manuscripts financial or other existing conflicts of interest that may be perceived as ones which are to affect the results or conclusions presented in the paper. Potential conflicts of interest must be disclosed in advance. Authors are required to list all sources of funding for the research paper.

Error corrections

If the Author discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in the publication, he/she must immediately notify the Editor or the Publisher in writing and take appropriate measures to correct the errors or withdraw (retract) the publication. If the Editor or the Publisher receives information from a third party that the publication contains significant errors, the Author is obliged to withdraw (retract) the work or correct the errors as soon as possible.

In case of detection of plagiarism, multiple publications of the article in other publications, falsification or fabrication and other violations of publication ethics by the authors, the Publisher reserves the right to take the following actions: